Introduction to Spring Framework | PLM Developer

The Spring Framework is a framework developed by the Spring team at the Apache Software Foundation. The Spring Framework provides a set of core services that allow developers to build robust applications. These services include dependency injection, transaction management, security, configuration, web MVC controllers, data access, message-driven beans, AOP proxies, and many others.



Introduction to the Spring Framework

The Spring Framework is a platform for building Java enterprise application software. The Spring Framework provides many components that make developing enterprise applications easier than ever before. The Spring Framework includes a service container that manages transactions, a model-view-controller (MVC) architecture, and integration points for JMS messaging and Web Services.

Dependency Injection

Dependency Injection is a design pattern that allows objects to depend upon abstractions instead of concrete implementations. By using the dependency injection pattern, we can inject dependencies into our classes without having to know about them ahead of time. We can also use the same object instance throughout our code without creating a new copy of it over and over again.

Transaction Management

Transaction management is a way to ensure that database operations are atomic and consistent. Transactions provide a way for concurrent users to work together on a single unit of work.


Security is critical for any application. Spring Security helps us secure our applications by providing a pluggable authentication mechanism that supports both username/password and OpenID-based login mechanisms. It also provides a role-based authorization system that allows us to control who can do what.


Configuration management is a process of defining how an application should behave. To achieve this, we define different configurations and then apply those configurations to various parts of the application. Spring's configurable features help us manage these configurations.

Message Driven Beans

Message-driven beans (MDBs) are a way to decouple business logic from presentation logic. MDBs are used to send messages between programs without having to rely on user interface technologies such as Swing.

Features of Spring Framework

Spring Framework is a set of Java libraries that enables developers to build enterprise-grade applications using Java EE technologies. Spring Framework provides a rich framework for building complex Enterprise Applications. Spring Framework consists of core services, components, and utilities. These features of the spring framework are listed below :

1. Dependency Injection (DI): DI is a feature provided by the Spring Framework that automatically injects dependencies into classes at runtime.

2. MVC: The Model View Controller pattern is a design pattern that separates the application's user interface from its business logic.

3. Transaction Management: Transaction management helps to manage transactions across different methods or objects in a single transaction.

4. Bean Factory: A bean factory is responsible for instantiating objects based on class definitions.

5. Data Source: DataSource is a mechanism that provides access to data stored in databases.

6. JPA: EntityManager is a lightweight persistence manager that uses JPA annotations to map entities to database tables.

7. Web Services: A Web service is a way to provide interoperability between two systems.

8. Security: Spring Security is a security library that provides authentication, authorization, session management, and encryption capabilities.

The Spring Framework is a popular dependency injection container for Java. The Spring Framework comes with many features like Dependency Injection (DI), AOP, Transaction Management, Security, Web Services, etc. Dependency Injection is a design pattern where we inject dependencies at runtime instead of compile time. Spring provides a set of annotations to make DI easier. The following example shows how we can use these annotations to create a bean using the @Autowired annotation.


public class BeanClass {

// Dependencies are injected here

private final String str;


* Constructor for the bean.


public BeanClass(String str) {

this.str str;


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